The Story: Part 1
The Story Act One: Israel
Abraham (calling & covenant)
Genesis 12 – 17
Genesis 21 – 36
Abraham, father of Isaac
Isaac, father of Jacob
Jacob → Israel, father of the twelve
The Dreamer (Joseph)
Genesis 37 – 50
Jacob’s favorite son
given dreams by God (will rule)
despised by his brothers
sold into slavery in Egypt
favored by Pharaoh (rules)
brings family to Egypt
Slavery & Exodus
Book of Exodus
new Pharaoh enslaves Israelites
God raises up Moses to deliver Israel
Pharaoh’s heart is hardened
1 Give praise to the Lord, proclaim his name;
make known among the nations what he has done.
2 Sing to him, sing praise to him;
tell of all his wonderful acts.
3 Glory in his holy name;
let the hearts of those who seek the Lord rejoice.
4 Look to the Lord and his strength;
seek his face always.
5 Remember the wonders he has done,
his miracles, and the judgments he pronounced,
6 you his servants, the descendants of Abraham,
his chosen ones, the children of Jacob.
7 He is the Lord our God;
his judgments are in all the earth.
8 He remembers his covenant forever,
the promise he made, for a thousand generations,
9 the covenant he made with Abraham,
the oath he swore to Isaac.
10 He confirmed it to Jacob as a decree,
to Israel as an everlasting covenant:
11 “To you I will give the land of Canaan
as the portion you will inherit.”
12 When they were but few in number,
few indeed, and strangers in it,
13 they wandered from nation to nation,
from one kingdom to another.
14 He allowed no one to oppress them;
for their sake he rebuked kings:
15 “Do not touch my anointed ones;
do my prophets no harm.”
16 He called down famine on the land
and destroyed all their supplies of food;
17 and he sent a man before them—
Joseph, sold as a slave.
18 They bruised his feet with shackles,
his neck was put in irons,
19 till what he foretold came to pass,
till the word of the Lord proved him true.
20 The king sent and released him,
the ruler of peoples set him free.
21 He made him master of his household,
ruler over all he possessed,
22 to instruct his princes as he pleased
and teach his elders wisdom.
23 Then Israel entered Egypt;
Jacob resided as a foreigner in the land of Ham.
24 The Lord made his people very fruitful;
he made them too numerous for their foes,
25 whose hearts he turned to hate his people,
to conspire against his servants.
26 He sent Moses his servant,
and Aaron, whom he had chosen.
27 They performed his signs among them,
his wonders in the land of Ham.
28 He sent darkness and made the land dark—
for had they not rebelled against his words?
29 He turned their waters into blood,
causing their fish to die.
30 Their land teemed with frogs,
which went up into the bedrooms of their rulers.
31 He spoke, and there came swarms of flies,
and gnats throughout their country.
32 He turned their rain into hail,
with lightning throughout their land;
33 he struck down their vines and fig trees
and shattered the trees of their country.
34 He spoke, and the locusts came,
grasshoppers without number;
35 they ate up every green thing in their land,
ate up the produce of their soil.
36 Then he struck down all the firstborn in their land,
the firstfruits of all their manhood.
37 He brought out Israel, laden with silver and gold,
and from among their tribes no one faltered.
38 Egypt was glad when they left,
because dread of Israel had fallen on them.
39 He spread out a cloud as a covering,
and a fire to give light at night.
40 They asked, and he brought them quail;
he fed them well with the bread of heaven.
41 He opened the rock, and water gushed out;
it flowed like a river in the desert.
42 For he remembered his holy promise
given to his servant Abraham.
43 He brought out his people with rejoicing,
his chosen ones with shouts of joy;
44 he gave them the lands of the nations,
and they fell heir to what others had toiled for—
45 that they might keep his precepts
and observe his laws.
Praise the Lord.[a]
The Law of Moses (The Torah)
Ex 20 – Lev, Deut
To govern Israel’s way of life
Ten Commandments (heart of Law)
Summed up in: love God, love others
blessings for obedience
curses for disobedience
Book of Numbers
longing to return Egypt
lack of faith
Taking possession of the Land
Book of Joshua
Moses succeeded by Joshua
Joshua & Caleb – the two faithful
Joshua leads Israel in victory
Book of Judges
sin (disobedience to the Torah)
oppression by a foreign nation (cursed for disobedience per the Law)
repentance (cry out to God for mercy)
deliverance (God raises up a judge/leader to deliver Israel)
1 Samuel 1 – 8
Samuel = last judge, first major prophet
the people want a king like all the other nations
1 Samuel 9 – 1 Kings 11
Saul (#lamesauce, #STOP)
Solomon (builds the Temple)
1 Kings 12…
ten Northern Tribes (Israel)
two Southern Tribes (Judah)
Northern Kingdom (Israel) → Assyria
prophesied by Micah & Amos
2 Kings 17 (historical account)
Southern Kingdom (Judah) → Babylon
prophesied by Jeremiah
2 Kings 25 (historical account)
A psalm of Asaph.
1 O God, the nations have invaded your inheritance;
they have defiled your holy temple,
they have reduced Jerusalem to rubble.
2 They have left the dead bodies of your servants
as food for the birds of the sky,
the flesh of your own people for the animals of the wild.
3 They have poured out blood like water
all around Jerusalem,
and there is no one to bury the dead.
4 We are objects of contempt to our neighbors,
of scorn and derision to those around us.
5 How long, Lord? Will you be angry forever?
How long will your jealousy burn like fire?
6 Pour out your wrath on the nations
that do not acknowledge you,
on the kingdoms
that do not call on your name;
7 for they have devoured Jacob
and devastated his homeland.
8 Do not hold against us the sins of past generations;
may your mercy come quickly to meet us,
for we are in desperate need.
9 Help us, God our Savior,
for the glory of your name;
deliver us and forgive our sins
for your name’s sake.
10 Why should the nations say,
“Where is their God?”
Before our eyes, make known among the nations
that you avenge the outpoured blood of your servants.
11 May the groans of the prisoners come before you;
with your strong arm preserve those condemned to die.
12 Pay back into the laps of our neighbors seven times
the contempt they have hurled at you, Lord.
13 Then we your people, the sheep of your pasture,
will praise you forever;
from generation to generation
we will proclaim your praise.
Rescue, Redemption, Return
Northern Kingdom (Israel)
no official edict to return to the land
Babylon defeated Assyria
Southern Kingdom (Judah)
70 years captive in Babylon
return prophesied in Isaiah 13
fulfilled in Daniel 5 (539 BC) fall of Babylon (defeated by Medo-Persia)
OT closes with the Jews in the Land but under the rule of Medo-Persia
The prophets have foretold a time of future hope and restoration, the reunion of the two kingdoms under one King under the administration of a New Covenant
31 “The days are coming,” declares the Lord,
“when I will make a new covenant
with the people of Israel
and with the people of Judah.
32 It will not be like the covenant
I made with their ancestors
when I took them by the hand
to lead them out of Egypt,
because they broke my covenant,
though I was a husband to[d] them,[e]”
declares the Lord.
33 “This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel
after that time,” declares the Lord.
“I will put my law in their minds
and write it on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people.
34 No longer will they teach their neighbor,
or say to one another, ‘Know the Lord,’
because they will all know me,
from the least of them to the greatest,”
declares the Lord.
“For I will forgive their wickedness
and will remember their sins no more.”